6 Awesome Watermelon Farming Tips in Kenya That Will Transform your Watermelon Farming Adventure into a Very Lucrative Business.
If you desire to grow watermelons in Kenya, you will need to have vast knowledge of how to go about it. This article is aimed at describing the various watermelon farming tips in Kenya. Applying these tips in your farming will enable you produce the most healthy watermelons and therefore, maximize your profits. If you take heed to these tips, your watermelon growing business will prosper.
Tips in Selection of the Seeds to Plant
Watermelon seeds are of two major types. These types are hybrid melons and open pollinated melons. Open-pollinated varieties are those that have been produced from one variety through self-fertilization of flowers. Hybrid varieties are produced from cross-fertilization and show better yields. For high productivity, consider selecting hybrid varieties and ensure that you buy from a certified and trusted source.
Watermelon Farming Tips in Kenya that are Applicable during Planting
Watermelon seeds should be started on the ground, where they are to be grown. They dislike transplanting and it’s therefore, unnecessary to plant the seeds in a nursery bed. Apply enough manure to the soil prior to planting and mix it well with the soil.
Addition of fertilizer is necessary preferably one tablespoon of DAP, in every hole. To ensure that the fertilizer applied does not burn the seed, mix it properly with the soil too. Always add CAN after every three or four weeks to fertilize the soil. CAN works to fix nitrogen in the soil. Addition of lime in the soil is also vital to ensure maintenance of alkalinity. Watermelon germinates after seven days, and the first fruits appear from the 30th day.
Tips about Spacing and Irrigation
The spacing of watermelon seeds should be 1m between the holes and 2m between the rows. During limited rainfall, water the watermelon plants consistently to maintain moisture in the soil. Consider having and strictly following a watering schedule if you use irrigation. The reason for the above is that a change in the irrigation pattern makes the fruits stressed and this affects fruits development in a negative way.
Tips When Controlling Pests and Diseases
The following are the major diseases that affects watermelon:
- Leaf spot
- Powdery mildew
- Dumping off
The major pests that affect watermelon are listed below:
- Leaf miners
Use only the recommended herbicides, fungicides and insecticides that are readily available in the local agro vets. Read the label keenly and strictly follow the instructions to ensure the best effect of these farm chemicals.
Tips during Weeding
One of the most important watermelon farming tips in Kenya is ensuring that you weed the land on a regular basis. Weeding removes weeds that bring tough competition with your plant for the available water and nutrients. Weeding should be done the 2nd or 3rd week after your seeds have germinated. Removal of weeds can either be done by use of a jembe or application of herbicides.
Tips To Determine Maturity of Watermelons
Watermelon usually matures after 80-100 days. For you to determine whether the fruit is mature, turn the melon to point out whether it has a yellow patch on the part lying on the ground. Try to pass through your finger into the fruit and if it’s difficult to do so, then your watermelon is ready for harvest. You can also cut one watermelon to confirm its maturity.
Farmers applying the above watermelon farming tips in Kenya have turned their farming in to a lucrative business. Just try them and you will be amazed by the results.
If you liked this post, please share it with your friends on the social media. You can also submit comments, questions and tips via the comments section below.
Are you a successful watermelon farmer in Kenya? We would also like to know more about you and your success tips. Just get in touch with us via the contact page on this website. If you are a farm supplies company that works with watermelon farmers, please let us know what tips and products you would like to share with the Kenyan Farmers too.